He also transferred the capital to St. Petersburg, building the new capital to the pattern of European cities.
In foreign policy, Peter dreamt of making Russia a maritime power. To get access to the Black Sea, the Caspian Sea, the Azov Sea and the Baltic, he waged wars with the Ottoman Empire (1695 - 1696), the Great Northern War with Sweden (1700 - 1721), and a war with Persia (1722 - 1723). He managed to get the shores of the Baltic and the Caspian Sea.
Из учебника "Английский язык. Устные темы" Е.Л. Заниной